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201720182019
4 captures
07 Aug 2018 - 30 Jan 2020
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Chronological List of Democracies
Just for the record, here are the nations that probably count as democratic. I’m using multiple criteria, so the pinpoint date can be rather fuzzy. For example, should I pick the year of independence or of the constitution? Should I count the first year that elections were held under new democratic rules, or the year those rules were adopted, or when the first democratically elected government took office?

Probably Not Democratic but Certainly Getting Interesting
Iceland (962-1230)
Dutch Republic (1581–1795)
United Kingdom (1688-ca. 1884)
United States (1776-ca. 1828)
France (intermittently 1789-99)
Peru (1828-35)
Mexico (1867-76)
Orange Free State (1854-1902)
Liberia (1869-84)
Germany (1871-1914)
Austria-Hungary (1906-14)
South Africa (1910-94)
Romania (1923-38)
Japan (1925-32)
Colombia (1930-48)
Argentina (1937-42)
Guatemala (1944-53)
Democratic. Universal(ish) Suffrage (all adult male non-slave citizens)
Ancient Greece
Megara (early to mid 6th C, 427 to 424 BCE)
Athens (507 to 411, 410 to 404, 403 to 322 BCE)
Argos (494 to 417, 417 to 322 BCE)
Syracuse (465 to 405 BCE)
Mantinea (to 385 BCE)
Thebes (ca. 465 to 447, 379 to 335 BCE)
Cyrene (440 to 323 BCE)
Corcyra (435 to 361 BCE)
Rhodes (395 to 378 BCE)
Corinth (393 to 392, 366 BCE)
Roman Republic (509 to 82, 81 to 49 BCE)
France (1791-93)
United States (ca. 1828-1865)
Republic of Texas (1836-1845)
Confederate States (1861-1865)
Democratic. Broad (but limited) Male Suffrage, and No Slavery
France (1795-97)
New Zealand (1852-1879)
Belgium (1853-1894)
Bremen (1854-71)
Hamburg (1860-71)
United States (1865-1870)
United Kingdom (1884-1918)
Democratic. Universal Male Suffrage
France (1848-1852, 1871-1940)
Switzerland (1848-1971w)
Greece (1864-1909, 1910-14, 1926-35, 1944-1952w)
Colombia (1867-1885)
United States (1870-1920w)
Costa Rica (1875-1917, 1919-48)
New Zealand (1879-1893w)
Spain (1890-1922)
Belgium (1894-1940, 1945-1948w)
?Honduras (1894-1935)
Denmark (1901-1915w)
Norway (1905-1913w)
Portugal (1911-26)
Italy (1912-22)
Argentina (1916-1930)
Netherlands (1917-1919w)
Sweden (1917-1921w)
United Kingdom (1918-1928w)
Luxembourg (1919-1940)
Chile (1932-1949w)

w: indicates that voting rights were extended to women, and the country moved onto the list below.
Democratic. Universal (including women!) Suffrage
pre-WW2
(chronological order)

New Zealand (1893- )
Australia (1902- )
Norway (1913-40)
Denmark (1915-40)
Iceland (1916- )
Finland (1919- )
Germany (1919-33)
Netherlands (1919-1940)
Austria (1920-32)
Canada (1920- )
Czechoslovakia (1920-39)
Estonia (1920-34)
United States (1920- )
Poland (1921-26)
Sweden (1921- )
Ireland (1922- )
Latvia (1922-34)
Lithuania (1922-26)
United Kingdom (1928-  )
Spain (1931-36)
Second Wave
(Bold typeface indicate more than 30 years as a democracy. Small italics indicates three years or fewer as a democracy.)

France (1945- )
Netherlands (1945- )
Norway (1945- )
Czechoslovakia (1945-48)
Turkey (1946-53, 1961-70, 1973-79)
Argentina (1946-55, 1973-75)
Brazil (1946-64)
Philippines (1946-72)
Japan (1947- )
Belgium (1948- )
Israel (1948- )
Italy (1948- )
Sri Lanka (1948- )
Burma (1948-62)
Costa Rica (1949- )
Germany (BRD: 1949- )
Chile (1949-73)
Pakistan (ca.1950-57, 1973-76)
Indonesia (1950-57)
India (1950-1975)
Greece (1952-67)
Uruguay (1952-70)
Syria (1954-58)
Tunisia (1956-63)
Sudan (1956-58, 1965-68)
Ghana (1957-64)
Malaysia (1957-68)
Colombia (1957- )
Guinea (1958)
Laos (1958-59)
Venezuela (1958-2009)
Singapore (1959-62)
Jamaica (1959- )
Dahomey (1960-61)
Gabon (1960-61)
Gabon (1960)
Mali (1960)
Niger (1960)
Upper Volta (1960)
Ivory Coast (1960)
Togo (1960-61)
South Korea (1960-61)
Congo Minor (1960-62)
Central African Republic (1960-62)
Chad (1960-62)
Senegal (1960-62)
Mauritania (1960-64)
Cameroon (1960-66)
Nigeria (1960-65, 1979-83)
Somalia (1960-68)
Cyprus (1960-63, 1968- )
Tanzania (1961-65)
Sierra Leone (1961-67)
Trinidad (1962- )
Algeria (1962-63)
Dominican Republic (1962-63)
Rwanda (1962-65)
Burundi (1962-66)
Uganda (1962-66)
Kenya (1963-64)
Malawi (1964-66)
Zambia (1964-73)
Gambia (1965-93)
Botswana (1966- )
Lesotho (1966-70)
Mauritius (1968- )
Ecuador (1968-69)
Equatorial Guinea (1968-71)
Lebanon (1970-75)
Fiji (1970-86)
Bangladesh (1972-73)

Third Wave
Switzerland (1971- )
Greece (1975- )
India (1977- )
Dominican Republic (1978- )
Spain (1978- )
Solomon Islands (1978-2000, 2004- )
Ecuador (1979- )
El Salvador (1979- )
Ghana (1979-80, 2001- )
Bolivia (1982- )
Honduras (1982- )
Argentina (1983- )
Turkey (1983- )
Brazil (1985- )
Uruguay (1985- )
Sudan (1986-89)
Philippines (1987- )
Chile (1988- )
Pakistan (1988-99, 2008- )
South Korea (1988- )
Panama (1989- )
Czechoslovakia (1989-92)
Bulgaria (1990- )
Armenia (1991-94)
Germany (Unified: 1990- )
Hungary (1990- )
Namibia (1990- )
Nicaragua (1990- )
Romania (1990- )
Haiti (1990, 1994-98)
Benin (1991- )
Cape Verde (1991- )
Estonia (1991- )
Latvia (1991- )
Lithuania (1991- )
Poland (1991- )
Slovenia (1991- )
Ukraine (1991- )
Belarus (1991-95)
Zambia (1991-95, 2008- )
Bangladesh (1991-2006)
Guyana (1992- )
Mali (1992- )
Mongolia (1992- )
Paraguay (1992- )
Taiwan (1992- )
Niger (1992-95, 2004-08)
Russia (1992-2004)
Thailand (1992-2006)
Madagascar (1992-2008)
Czechia (1993- )
Moldova (1993- )
Slovakia (1993- )
Lesotho (1993-97, 2002-10)
Malawi (1994-2000, 2004- )
Guinea-Bissau (1994-97, 2000-02, 2005- )
Guatemala (1996- )
Mexico (1997- )
Indonesia (1998- )
Nepal (1999-2001, 2006- )
Croatia (2000- )
Senegal (2000- )
Albania (2002- )
Kenya (2002- )
Sierra Leone (2002- )
Comoros (2004- )
Georgia (2004- )
Burundi (2005- )
Lebanon (2005- )
Montenegro (2006- )
Serbia (2006- )
Liberia (2006-10)
Malaysia (2008- )
Yugoslavia (2000-06)
Kyrgyzstan (2010- )






Copyright © August 2017 by Matthew White
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