Beside of mid-2019 figures for census divisions and agglomerations, population estimates forall municipal units like cities, towns and municipalities are available for all provinces (but not for the arctic territories).
Canada published first population estimates for subprovincial areas based on the results of the 2016 census. Mid-2018 estimates for census divisions and agglomerations are available.
According to the results of the 2016 census, 20.94 million people live in 30 urban areas and 3.8 million in 57 population centers. In contrast, 918 small population centers have a total population of only 4.46 million.