Spanish rescue boat finds life and death off Libya coast
Mediterranean Sea, Mid-Sea
Updated 17 Aug 2018
The wreck of the raft was a dot on the sea but as our rescue boat approached we saw a woman make an effort to wave, so at least there was life.
Once speed boats launched from the Open Arms drew alongside, though, it was clear she was the only survivor. The woman, who gave her name as Josepha, was brought aboard in a state of deep shock and treated by doctors.
We found her early on July 17 and she told the doctors she had spent the previous night clinging to the wreckage, singing hymns and calling on God for deliverance. Two doctors recounted her story to me.
Josepha and the bodies of African migrants are seen inside a rubber boat from the Open Arms rescue boat.
Face down amid the raft's mass of loose planks and deflated rubber lay the corpse of a woman in a striped T-shirt and trousers. She had been dead for some time, medics said.
Then there was a four-year-old boy, who the boat's doctors said had died hours before.
The covered bodies of African migrants.
The crew lifted the two bodies onto the Open Arms, covered them and put them on ice on deck. The crew's emotions swung from a sense of accomplishment at the rescue to sadness.
I spent 29 days taking pictures on the flagship rescue boat of Spanish charity Proactiva Open Arms as it patrolled the designated Search and Rescue zone off the coast of Libya.
In that time, we saw no other rescue boats and the crew said there were none active in the zone. Reuters was unable to verify this.
Ahmed, 38, travels with his 13-year-old son. "We are from Darfur. We arrived in Libya from Sudan. In the city of Sabratah, 22 people were kidnapped for seven days but our captors made a mistake and we broke a window and escaped. We went to Kasar- El Karabulli and waited a month and eleven days until it was our turn to get on a rubber boat for which we paid 2000 dinars each. On July 31 at night, it was time to board. We got on the boat and we were sailing for seven hours in an easterly direction because if we went straight north we could be caught by a Libyan coastguard patrol boat. We headed north and sailed for 15 hours until the engine of the boat broke. We were adrift for more than three hours, in the middle of the night, until we saw some lights approaching. We began to make signals with a telephone. There was a moment of great fear and nervousness because we did not see well and the worst thing that could happen is that the Libyan patrol arrived and forced us to return to that hell. But then we heard from one of the two fast speedboats that approached: "We are friends, we are a Spanish rescue ship". We began to shout with joy. Some did not understand the message, perhaps because they do not speak English, and thought that one of the two boats was the Libyan coastguard and threw themselves into the water, preferring to risk drowning than return to Libya. Luckily we are all alive. We have a new opportunity."
The rescue was just one drama in a migration of almost 1.8 million people across the Mediterranean from the Middle East and Africa since 2014 that has seen hundreds of thousands embark from Libya on small boats, according to United Nations figures.
Thousands have drowned and boats like the Open Arms, a retired 36-metre tugboat built in 1973, have taken up the task of offering rescue.
Josepha aboard the Open Arms.
After being lifted aboard the Open Arms and during her medical examination, Josepha told doctors she was from Cameroon.
They said she did not give them her last name or any details of her story or explain who the other passengers on the raft were. It was also unclear how the raft was damaged.
Head of mission Anabel Montes Mier of Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat and crew member Esther Camps track the position of a rubber boat on a screen.
Locating migrants adrift is like finding a needle in a haystack, but on the night of July 16 the crew say they got lucky as they scanned radio frequencies.
Just before 9 p.m. we heard a commercial ship, Triades, tell the Libyan coastguard that they had seen a raft adrift. The captain swung the Open Arms toward its reported location and spotted the remains of the raft at 7.30 a.m. the next day.
After the rescue, it was three and a half days before we arrived at the only harbour that would take her, in Spain's Palma de Mallorca. By the time we reached land, she was still unable to walk unassisted.
The drama did not end there.
Migrants rescued by the Open Arms rescue boat stand aboard before arriving at the port of Algeciras.
The founder of Open Arms, Oscar Camps, filed a lawsuit in Palma accusing the captain of Triades and the captain of the Libyan coast guard of involuntary manslaughter and failing to help the migrants.
Under international maritime law, ships should attempt the rescue of anyone in danger at sea.
In Spain, an accuser files a lawsuit to the local court, in this case in Palma, and the presiding judge decides whether to take the case further.
Ahmed (left), 38, and Salam, 23, both from Sudan, dance.
The court in Palma said the claim was still being processed and an investigating magistrate had consequently not yet been assigned.
The Triades, a merchant ship flying under a Panamanian flag and owned by Greek shipping company Newport SA, was docked at the Turkish port of Dortyol on Monday.
Newport declined to comment. Reuters could not contact the captain of the Triades through Newport, which declined to give the captain's contact details, or through the port authorities at Dortyol.
Reuters talked to Ibrahim Ozen, a general manager at Global Container Line, a company that provides information about the port's activities, for contact with the ship.
Ahmed, 38, from Sudan, prays.
Ozen said on Thursday he would attempt to reach someone on the Triades. He had not replied by Monday and did not respond to further questions.
A spokeswoman for Open Arms said Josepha would answer no further questions because of the lawsuit.
Camps said radio traffic between the Triades and Libya's coast guard showed the ship's crew had seen the raft but failed to provide help. I heard the radio exchange between the Triades and the coast guard which corroborates Camps' account.
Chuol, 17, from Sudan, takes shower.
Camps also accused Italy and Malta of refusing to let Open Arms dock after the rescue, forcing it to make a much longer journey to Spain. Italy said this was not the case and accused the charity of lying about the circumstances of the rescue.
In a Twitter post, Italy's interior minister denied that the country had refused to let Open Arms dock with Josepha and the bodies on board.
Mohamed, 21, from Sudan rests aboard the Open Arms.
"Despite the willingness of our Sicilian ports (to let the boat dock) the NGO ship is going to Spain," Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini wrote on Twitter.
Camps, citing Josepha's account, said the Libyan coastguard had abandoned the three migrants amid the shattered remains of the raft because they refused to board their patrol ship. It was unclear how the raft came to be partially destroyed.
Head mission of NGO Proactiva Open Arms Riccardo Gatti tracks the position of a rubber boat.
Libya's coastguard denied in a statement it abandoned the raft at sea.
"It is not in our religion, our ethics or our conduct to abandon human lives at sea, where we only came to save them," it said in a statement that also disputed Camps' version of events.
WRITING BY PAUL DAY
NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat Astral.