LIVE
Economy|Business and Economy

China sees risk of GDP downgrade as Delta curbs spending, travel
Latest virus controls during nation’s peak summer holiday will curb retail spending and economic growth.
The gov't has put in place stringent travel curbs and lockdown measures to curb the spread of the Delta variant [File: Qilai Shen/Bloomberg]
By Bloomberg NewsBloomberg
4 Aug 2021
China’s broadest Covid-19 outbreak since the beginning of the pandemic in late 2019 is hampering tourism and spending during the peak summer holiday, prompting analysts to review their economic growth projections as risks escalate.
Authorities rushed to close tourist sites, call off cultural events and cancel flights, as the outbreak linked to the highly-infectious delta variant spread to nearly half of China’s 32 provinces within just two weeks. At least 46 cities have advised residents to refrain from traveling unless it’s absolutely necessary.
KEEP READING
China’s second-quarter growth suggests ‘uneven’ economic recovery
WHO proposes fresh coronavirus mission to China and lab audits
China reports spike in new COVID cases on border with Myanmar
COVID-19 origins: China rejects WHO proposal to return to Wuhan
Alongside recent flood damage in parts of the country, the latest virus controls will likely curb retail spending and economic growth in the second half of the year.
Nomura Holdings Inc. lowered its projection for third-quarter growth to 5.1% from 6.4% previously and sees 4.4% expansion in the final three months of the year, down from 5.3%. For the full year, Nomura cut its GDP growth forecast to 8.2% from 8.9%.
“The draconian measures taken by the government are resulting in potentially the most stringent travel bans and lockdowns in China since the spring of 2020,” said Lu Ting, Nomura’s chief economist for China. “Recent rainstorms and flooding — both worse than expected — also necessitate a downward adjustment to our GDP growth forecasts for the third quarter.”
Policy Support
Goldman Sachs Group Inc. said the potential impact on third-quarter growth could be 0.7 percentage points, although it didn’t lower its 6.2% growth forecast for the quarter, saying there are uncertainties about the duration of the outbreak and likely stronger policy support. Bloomberg Economics and Natwest Group Plc. also see downside risks to their growth forecasts.
Even though China has faced sporadic virus flare-ups over the past year, they have been much smaller in scope and were contained quickly. The current outbreak has shut all tourists sites in Zhangjiajie, a renowned scenic destination in central China. Other cities in Hunan, Jiangsu and Shanxi provinces have also closed tourist locations.
Airlines scheduled 9.8% less seat capacity in China this week than last week, the second drop in a row, based on data from scheduling specialist OAG. Capacity now stands at 95.7% of 2019 levels. It’s the first time in five weeks that carriers have offered fewer seats in the country than they did in the comparable pre-pandemic period.
The current outbreak weighs on a fragile recovery in retail sales and adds to increasing headwinds to economic growth in the second half of the year. Analysts expect a likely slowdown in exports and cooling property and infrastructure investment.
“Residents’ wage growth was already lagging, and if they can’t spend their money due to the outbreak, it will surely be a drag on consumption in the second half of the year,” said Bruce Pang, head of macro and strategy research at China Renaissance Securities Hong Kong.
Bloomberg Economics estimates retail sales could contract about 0.2% month-on-month in July and August, similar to the impact seen during outbreaks at the beginning of the year in Hebei and Jilin provinces. For the year as a whole, retail sales growth will likely fall short of a previous projection of 12%, it said.
Authorities are already on guard for slower growth in coming months, and have pledged fiscal and monetary support to cushion the recovery. The government has targeted GDP growth of more than 6% this year.
Qingdao International Beer Festival, China’s largest beer festival, was called off early, and Yunnan province in southern China canceled the Torch Festival, a local tourist event. More than a dozen music festivals in various cities have been canceled or postponed, and cinemas were closed in Nanjing, Zhangjiajie and Lianyungang.
The latest outbreak has spread to Beijing despite the capital city’s stringent measures, with authorities taking steps Tuesday to ban rail passengers from 23 regions, including Zhengzhou, Nanjing, Yangzhou, Shenyang and Dalian. The financial hub of Shanghai also reported a virus case this week.
Cases haven’t been found in areas with heavy industrial or export activities so far, which means the impact on production should be limited, said Iris Pang, chief economist for Greater China at ING Bank NV.
“If there are cases in new locations that are major cities of services or manufacturing, then it would affect economic activities,” she said.
SOURCE: BLOOMBERG
RELATED
China races to curb Delta-fuelled COVID outbreak, worst in months
High contagiousness of Delta variant combined with the peak tourist season leads to new cases in several provinces.
31 Jul 2021
China’s Wuhan to test ‘all residents’ as COVID-19 returns
City where COVID-19 first emerged reported seven locally transmitted case among migrant workers.
3 Aug 2021
China COVID cases jump ahead of WHO investigation team arrival
Authorities in Hebei, Heilongjiang provinces impose lockdowns, mass testing in effort to curb spread.
13 Jan 2021
China COVID cases at highest in five months amid Hebei outbreak
Coronavirus outbreak in province surrounding Beijing pushes cases to highest level since July as mass testing begins.
7 Jan 2021
MORE FROM ECONOMY
In Pictures: SpaceX launches amateur crew on Earth-circling trip
India conglomerate Tata Group bids for debt-hit national airline
Can a new scheme help Singapore’s domestic workers?
First all-civilian space crew set to blast off on SpaceX rocket
MOST READ
What could an Evergrande debt default mean for China and beyond?
Afghan women dress up in colourful attire in ‘fight for identity’
US, UK and Australia agree new Indo-Pacific security pact
Photos: Taliban make themselves at home in strongman’s mansion
Advertisement
About
Connect
Our Channels
Our Network
Follow Al Jazeera English:
© 2021 Al Jazeera Media Network