LIBYA
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Overview
Militias, armed groups and third states, backing warring parties, committed violations of international humanitarian law, including possible war crimes, with impunity. Fighting in and around the capital, Tripoli, and other cities in western Libya between forces loyal to the Government of National Accord (GNA) and the Libyan Arab Armed Forces (LAAF) led to the killing and wounding of civilians, mass displacement, and damage to civilian infrastructure, including hospitals. In violation of the UN arms embargo, Turkey, Russia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), among other countries, continued to supply their allies with arms and military equipment, including banned anti-personnel mines. Thousands of people were detained arbitrarily without trial or the possibility to challenge the legality of their detention. Militias and armed groups abducted people on the basis of their actual or perceived political, regional or tribal affiliation and nationality, including protesters, journalists, doctors, government employees and civil society activists; took hostages for ransom; and tortured or otherwise ill-treated them in official and unofficial places of detention. Women, girls and members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex community continued to face discrimination and violence. Members of ethnic minorities struggled to access adequate health care and other essential services. Officials, members of armed groups and militias, and criminal gangs systematically subjected detained refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants to torture and other ill-treatment, unlawful killings, sexual violence and forced labour. Military courts handed down death sentences; no executions were reported.
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Death penalty status
RETENTIONIST
Retains the death penalty in law
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2020
NEWS
NEWS
Libya: New government must prioritize human rights and tackle impunity crisis
ARTICLE
Libya: Military courts sentence hundreds of civilians in sham, torture-tainted trials
NEWS
MENA: COVID-19 amplified inequalities and was used to further ramp up repression
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COMMENTARY
Analysis, opinion, personal stories and more.
CAMPAIGNS
Nowhere Safe: Cycle of Abuses against Refugees and Migrants in Libya
NEWS
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
Europe’s shameful failure to end the torture and abuse of refugees and migrants in Libya
NEWS
EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA
More evidence of abuses in Libya should spur EU to help people seeking safety
NEWS
EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA
European leaders are manufacturing a "migration crisis" for political gain
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Amnesty International Secretariat Office
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RESEARCH
Reports, briefings, urgent actions and UN submissions
RESEARCH
LIBYA
6 MAY 2021
Libya: Human Rights Agenda for the Government of National Unity
RESEARCH
LIBYA
17 MARCH 2021
Libya: HRC46 UPR adoption: Oral statement
RESEARCH
LIBYA
13 OCTOBER 2020
UPR 36 - Amnesty International's suggested recommendations to states
RESEARCH
LIBYA
5 OCTOBER 2020
Libya: Oral Statement at the UN Human Rights Council on Libya (ITEM 10: Interactive dialogue with the independent fact-finding mission on the situation of human rights in Libya, 45th sesion)
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