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INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
LIBYA
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
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MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
CENSORSHIP AND FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
Libya: New government must prioritize human rights and tackle impunity crisis
Libya’s recently installed Government of National Unity (GNU) must address the human rights crisis across the country, break the cycle of impunity and re-establish rule of law, Amnesty International said today. In a letter to the GNU, which has faced tremendous challenges since taking office in mid-March to unify institutions in a deeply divided and conflict-torn country, the organization highlighted key areas that the new government must urgently address.
Date: 6 May 2021
ARTICLE
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
JUSTICE SYSTEMS
Libya: Military courts sentence hundreds of civilians in sham, torture-tainted trials
Military courts have convicted hundreds of civilians in eastern Libya in secret and grossly unfair military trials, aimed at punishing real or perceived opponents and critics of the Libyan Arab Armed Forces (LAAF) and affiliated armed groups, Amnesty International said today. At least 22 were sentenced to death and hundreds of others to imprisonment between 2018 and 2021. Many defendants were subjected to torture and other ill-treatment in pre-trial detention.
Date: 26 April 2021
NEWS
IRAQARMED CONFLICT
States should curb urban slaughter of civilians from explosive weapons
Virtual consultations this week move closer to a diplomatic agreement to protect civilians Amnesty International has documented disastrous impact of explosive weapons on civilians in multiple conflicts Global civil society network outlines key changes needed Dozens of states convening this week must forge a strong new political agreement that will help to minimize civilian casualties from explosive weapons that cause widespread destruction in cities and towns during armed conflicts, Amnesty International said today.
Date: 3 March 2021
NEWS
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
ARMED CONFLICT
Libya: Ten years after uprising abusive militias evade justice and instead reap rewards
A decade after the overthrow of Muammar al-Gaddafi, justice has yet to be delivered to victims of war crimes and serious human rights violations including unlawful killings, enforced disappearances, torture, forced displacement and abductions committed by militias and armed groups, Amnesty International said today. Libyan authorities have promoted and legitimized leaders of militias that have been responsible for heinous acts of abuse, instead of ensuring accountability and redress for violations committed both since al-Gaddafi’s fall and under his rule.
Date: 17 February 2021
NEWS
LIBYAJUSTICE SYSTEMS
Libya: UN Rights Council members must address widespread torture during periodic review
A sense of impunity has fueled rampant torture by militias and armed groups affiliated to the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA) and rivals with de facto control of territory because of real or perceived family, tribal, political or regional affiliations, Amnesty International said ahead of Libya’s review at the UN Human Rights Council on 11 November. The organization is calling on states to use Libya’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) to recommend to the Libyan authorities that they protect all detainees from torture and other ill-treatment, investigate all incidents of death and torture in custody, and hold perpetrators accountable.
Date: 10 November 2020
NEWS
AFRICAJUSTICE SYSTEMS
Africa: Regional human rights bodies struggle to uphold rights amid political headwinds
For a second consecutive year, Amnesty International has documented how African governments are grossly undermining regional human rights bodies by failing to comply with their decisions, ignoring their urgent appeals, neglecting to report to them on national human rights situations and starving them of resources they desperately need for operations. Governments also neglected the rights of people with disabilities and older persons by failing to ratify treaties relating to their protection.
Date: 21 October 2020
RESEARCH
BELARUSCLIMATE CHANGE
UPR 36 - Amnesty International's suggested recommendations to states
This document makes recommendations to 10 of the states to be reviewed during the 36th Session of the Universal Periodic Review, 2-13 November 2020: Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Honduras, Jamaica, Libya, Malawi, Maldives, Mongolia and the United States of America.
Date: 13 October 2020Ref:IOR 40/3214/2020
RESEARCH
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
UN
Libya: Oral Statement at the UN Human Rights Council on Libya (ITEM 10: Interactive dialogue with the independent fact-finding mission on the situation of human rights in Libya, 45th sesion)
Amnesty Internatioanal urges that the Independent Factfinding Mission on Libya be supported so that it can be dispatched as a matter of urgency, and that it has the sufficient resources, administrative support, and time to complete the work for which it has been mandated.
Date: 5 October 2020Ref:IOR 40/3159/2020
RESEARCH
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
ARMED CONFLICT
Libya: ‘Between life and death’: Refugees and Migrants trapped in Libya's cycle of abuse
Refugees and migrants in Libya are trapped in a cycle of serious human rights violations and abuses including prolonged arbitrary detention and other unlawful deprivation of liberty, torture and other ill-treatment, unlawful killings, rape and other sexual violence, forced labour and exploitation at the hands of state and non-state actors in a climate of near-total impunity. These are not all new revelations.
Date: 24 September 2020
Ref:
MDE 19/3084/2020
NEWS
LIBYA
ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
Libya: Heavy weaponry used to disperse peaceful protesters demanding economic rights
At least six peaceful protesters were abducted and several others were wounded after armed men fired live ammunition including from heavy machine-guns to disperse a demonstration in Tripoli on 23 August, according to eyewitness testimony and video evidence examined by Amnesty International. The organization is calling for the immediate release of all those abducted, for a prompt, thorough and independent investigation into the use of force and for those responsible to be held accountable.
Date: 26 August 2020
NEWS
LIBYAJUSTICE SYSTEMS
Libya: Abducted politician’s fate remains unknown a year on, amid ongoing disappearances
The self-proclaimed Libyan National Army (LNA) must reveal the fate and whereabouts of Siham Sergiwa, a Libyan politician and women’s rights defender who was violently abducted from her home one year ago today, Amnesty International said. Siham Sergiwa’s case is a stark reminder of the ongoing abductions, enforced disappearances and unlawful deprivations of liberty perpetrated by all sides in this conflict, including government forces, de facto authorities, their affiliated militias and armed groups.
Date: 17 July 2020
NEWS
LIBYAARMED CONFLICT
Libya: Fact-finding mission to investigate crimes is a welcome step towards ending impunity
The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) has today passed a resolution to establish a fact-finding mission to investigate violations and abuses of international human rights law and international humanitarian law committed by all parties to the conflict in Libya. The mission also has a mandate to preserve evidence with a view to ensuring that perpetrators of such violations are held accountable.
Date: 22 June 2020
NEWS
LIBYAARMED CONFLICT
Libya: Retaliatory attacks against civilians must be halted and investigated
New evidence obtained by Amnesty International indicates that war crimes and other violations may have been committed between 13 April and 1 June by warring parties in Libya during the latest surge in fighting near Tripoli, including, looting, indiscriminate attacks, and the planting of anti-personnel landmines in civilian buildings. Amnesty International has examined scores of incidents through witness testimonies, analysis of open source photos and videos, and satellite imagery.
Date: 5 June 2020
NEWS
LIBYAJUSTICE SYSTEMS
Libya: Historic discrimination threatens right to health of minorities in the south amid COVID-19
The Libyan authorities and militias in control of southern cities and towns and international donors must ensure that those most marginalized are factored into their emergency public health response to the spread of COVID-19, Amnesty International said today. Libya’s public health system has been undermined by years of armed conflict and insecurity including attacks on medical facilities, the exodus of qualified medical personnel and frequent militia interference in the provision of medical services.
Date: 20 April 2020
NEWS
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
ARMED CONFLICT
Libya Peace Summit: Berlin talks must prioritize accountability for war crimes
Amnesty International field investigation unearthed potential war crimes in battle for Tripoli Spokespeople available for interview after visiting 33 strike sites on both sides of the frontline Protection of civilians and justice for victims of violations must be the cornerstones of any peace deal emerging from a UN-led summit in Berlin on Libya’s armed conflict this Sunday (19 January), Amnesty International said today.
Date: 17 January 2020
RESEARCH
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
ARMED CONFLICT
Libya: Joint Open Letter: UN Human Rights Council should establish a Commission of Inquiry, or similar mechanism, for Libya
We, the undersigned Libyan, regional, and international non-governmental organizations, are writing to urge your government to support the establishment of a Commission of Inquiry, or similar mechanism, for Libya as a matter of urgency. An upcoming opportunity will be the 43rd Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (the Council), which will take place from February to March 2020.
Date: 4 December 2019
Ref:
MDE 19/1523/2019
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