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WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
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AFRICA
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
SOUTH SUDAN: RE: LETTER OF APPEAL FOR TRUTH AND TRIALS IN SOUTH SUDAN
I write to you as Secretary General of Amnesty International, the global human rights movement with 10 million members and supporters. Five years ago today, the New York Times published an op-ed in your names advocating for truth, not trials, and calling on the international community to reconsider the Hybrid Court for South Sudan (HCSS). Four days after its publication, Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon disavowed the op-ed saying he had not been consulted.
Date: 19 June 2021Ref:AFR 65/4305/2021
NEWS
AFGHANISTAN
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Afghanistan: Deliberate killing of civilians must be investigated following deadly attacks
The Afghan authorities must investigate and bring to justice the perpetrators of a brutal series of attacks amounting to war crimes that have killed at least 24 civilians in little over a week, said Amnesty International. On 15 June, five health workers were killed and four others injured after gunmen opened fire at various polio vaccination centres across the city of Jalalabad in Nangarhar province.
Date: 16 June 2021
RESEARCH
ASIA AND THE PACIFICDETENTION
China: “Like We Were Enemies in a War”: China’s Mass Internment, Torture, and Persecution of Muslims in Xinjiang
Since 2017, the government of China has carried out massive and systematic abuses against Muslims living in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang). The human suffering has been immense. On 10 June Amnesty published a report based on new first-hand testimonies gathered from former detainees of the internment camps and other people who were present in Xinjiang after 2017, as well as from an analysis of satellite imagery and data.
Date: 10 June 2021Ref:ASA 17/4137/2021
RESEARCH
AFGHANISTANARMED CONFLICT
Afghanistan: Joint call for an immediate end to attacks against human rights defenders and need for protection and accountability
Amnesty International, along with other human rights organisations, calls the Government of Afghanistan to end the threats, harassment, intimidation and attacks against human rights defenders, activists, journalists and media workers in the country. The Government of Afghanistan and international stakeholders and facilitators in the ongoing peace process, must take responsibility through their conduct and engagement in the country to stop the increase in violent attacks against human rights defenders.
Date: 19 May 2021Ref:ASA 11/4146/2021
NEWS
AFRICAARMED GROUPS
UN Security Council must not lift South Sudan arms embargo until human rights benchmarks are met
Lifting the UN arms embargo on South Sudan could have dire consequences for human rights, Amnesty International warned today, ahead of a UN Security Council vote on 27 May to decide the future of the embargo. The Security Council must ensure a range of human rights benchmarks are met before the embargo can be lifted. These include an end to crimes under international law, reform of the National Security Service (NSS), and the establishment of a Hybrid Court to ensure accountability.
Date: 17 May 2021
NEWS
AFRICAARMED CONFLICT
Mozambique: Rescue attempts jeopardized by racial discrimination following Palma attack – new survivors’ testimony
UPDATE: (14 May 2021): After this press release was issued, Amnesty International learned that the last helicopter rescue flight from the Amarula hotel, which carried the hotel manager and his two German Shepherd dogs, among others, was conducted by a private charter company rather than the private military company that conducted the other rescue flights. ************   White contractors airlifted to safety before local Black people Hotel manager took two dogs on rescue helicopter, leaving people behind Exclusive satellite imagery reveals damage following attack Survivors of an attack by the armed group known locally as 'Al-Shabaab’ in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado told Amnesty International that white contractors were prioritized for evacuation ahead of Black locals, in disturbing testimony that points to blatant racism.
Date: 13 May 2021
RESEARCH
AFRICA
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Ethiopia: The need for an independent international investigation of the Axum Massacre
This public statement is in response to the press statement released by the Attorney General’s Office (AG) of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia about its criminal investigation of the massacre in Axum, in the Tigray Region, which took place on 28 November 2020. It highlights 2 issues on the press statement that differ from Amnesty International's findings: the identity of the victims and the role of Eritrean troops in killing civilians.
Date: 13 May 2021Ref:AFR 25/4114/2021
NEWS
AFGHANISTANWOMEN AND GIRLS
Afghanistan: Unspeakable killings of civilians must prompt end to impunity
Responding to the bombing of Sayed -ul- Shuhada High School in West Kabul on Saturday afternoon, which killed at least 85 people and injured at least 150, and the bombing of a bus in Zabul Province on Sunday night which has reportedly left at least 11 people dead and dozens injured, Samira Hamidi, Amnesty International’s South Asia Campaigner, said: “The appalling scenes in West Kabul and Zabul Province must serve as a wake-up call to the world.
Date: 10 May 2021
NEWS
MYANMAR
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Myanmar: Human rights must be top priority for emergency ASEAN summit
Summit is “existential crisis” for regional bloc as it faces major challenge to its credibility  Indonesia must investigate coup leader Min Aung Hlaing expected to attend summit  The catastrophic aftermath of the Myanmar coup is the biggest test in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) history, said Amnesty International today, calling on the regional bloc to prioritise protecting the human rights of people in Myanmar and prevent the situation deteriorating into a human rights and humanitarian crisis.
Date: 23 April 2021
RESEARCH
UN
International Law Commission should reaffirm that state officials do not enjoy functional immunity from foreign criminal jurisdictions with regard to genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture, enforced disappearance & extrajudicial execution
On the eve of a new session of the International Law Commission (ILC), where the item 'Immunity of State officials from foreign criminal jurisdiction' shall be discussed again, Amnesty International calls on the members of this subsidiary organ of the General Assembly to confirm the customary international law position that functional immunity (immunity ratione materiae) does not protect state officials from foreign criminal jurisdiction in respect of crimes under international law (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture, enforced disappearance and extrajudicial execution).
Date: 23 April 2021Ref:IOR 40/4028/2021
NEWS
ERITREAARMED CONFLICT
Ethiopia: Three killed, 19 injured in Tigray as Eritrean troops open fire on civilians
Amnesty International can confirm that Eritrean troops killed three people and injured at least 19 in an unprovoked attack on civilians in the centre of Adwa town on 12 April. Witnesses told Amnesty International that Eritrean troops were passing through the town located in the Tigray region, when they suddenly opened fire at people on the main street close to the bus station. “Three people lost their lives and at least 19 others are in hospital from yet another unlawful attack by Eritrean troops on civilians in Tigray.
Date: 14 April 2021
NEWS
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
Ten years on justice for Syrians more important than ever
It’s time for the UN Security Council to overcome its veto-paralysis and push for accountability for ongoing violations to ensure perpetrators of these crimes are held accountable, said Amnesty International, ahead of the 10-year anniversary of the crisis on 15 March. Since peaceful protests began in Damascus in 2011, Syrian government forces, and later armed opposition groups, with the support of their allies, have subjected millions of civilians to unlawful ground and air attacks, widespread and systematic arbitrary detention, torture leading to deaths in detention, enforced disappearance, sieges leading to starvation, and forced displacement.
Date: 12 March 2021
NEWS
AFRICAARMED CONFLICT
Ethiopia: UN human rights chief underscores urgency of impartial, international investigation into Tigray atrocities
The United Nations must immediately launch an investigation into ongoing allegations of grave violations in the conflict in Tigray, including potential war crimes and crimes against humanity, Amnesty International said following a statement this morning by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. The statement came just before the UN Security Council’s scheduled informal discussion of the crisis in Tigray.
Date: 4 March 2021
NEWS
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
Israel/ OPT: Historic breakthrough as Prosecutor confirms initiation of ICC investigation in Occupied Palestinian Territories
Responding to the news that Fatou Bensouda, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), has opened a formal investigation into the “Situation in Palestine”, Matthew Cannock, Head of Amnesty International’s Centre for International Justice said: “Today’s confirmation by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court that she has opened an investigation into crimes under international law committed in the Occupied Palestinian Territories is a momentous breakthrough for justice after decades of non-accountability for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Date: 3 March 2021
NEWS
IRAQARMED CONFLICT
States should curb urban slaughter of civilians from explosive weapons
Virtual consultations this week move closer to a diplomatic agreement to protect civilians Amnesty International has documented disastrous impact of explosive weapons on civilians in multiple conflicts Global civil society network outlines key changes needed Dozens of states convening this week must forge a strong new political agreement that will help to minimize civilian casualties from explosive weapons that cause widespread destruction in cities and towns during armed conflicts, Amnesty International said today.
Date: 3 March 2021
RESEARCH
MOZAMBIQUE
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Mozambique: "What I saw is death": War crimes in Mozambique's forgotten cape
After suffering decades of under-investment, government negligence, and crushing poverty, the province of Cabo Delgado, the poorest in Mozambique, is now the site of a raging insurgency. Over 1,300 civilians have been killed; another 500,000 have been displaced, and towns and villages have been left in ruins. Fighting has intensified since an armed group locally known as Al-Shabaab attacked the northern port town of Mocímboa da Praia in October 2017.
Date: 2 March 2021Ref:AFR 41/3545/2021
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