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WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
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NEWS
AFRICAARMED CONFLICT
Ethiopia: UN human rights chief underscores urgency of impartial, international investigation into Tigray atrocities
The United Nations must immediately launch an investigation into ongoing allegations of grave violations in the conflict in Tigray, including potential war crimes and crimes against humanity, Amnesty International said following a statement this morning by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. The statement came just before the UN Security Council’s scheduled informal discussion of the crisis in Tigray.
Date: 4 March 2021
NEWS
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
Israel/ OPT: Historic breakthrough as Prosecutor confirms initiation of ICC investigation in Occupied Palestinian Territories
Responding to the news that Fatou Bensouda, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), has opened a formal investigation into the “Situation in Palestine”, Matthew Cannock, Head of Amnesty International’s Centre for International Justice said: “Today’s confirmation by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court that she has opened an investigation into crimes under international law committed in the Occupied Palestinian Territories is a momentous breakthrough for justice after decades of non-accountability for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Date: 3 March 2021
NEWS
IRAQARMED CONFLICT
States should curb urban slaughter of civilians from explosive weapons
Virtual consultations this week move closer to a diplomatic agreement to protect civilians Amnesty International has documented disastrous impact of explosive weapons on civilians in multiple conflicts Global civil society network outlines key changes needed Dozens of states convening this week must forge a strong new political agreement that will help to minimize civilian casualties from explosive weapons that cause widespread destruction in cities and towns during armed conflicts, Amnesty International said today.
Date: 3 March 2021
RESEARCH
MOZAMBIQUE
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Mozambique: "What I saw is death": War crimes in Mozambique's forgotten cape
After suffering decades of under-investment, government negligence, and crushing poverty, the province of Cabo Delgado, the poorest in Mozambique, is now the site of a raging insurgency. Over 1,300 civilians have been killed; another 500,000 have been displaced, and towns and villages have been left in ruins. Fighting has intensified since an armed group locally known as Al-Shabaab attacked the northern port town of Mocímboa da Praia in October 2017.
Date: 2 March 2021Ref:AFR 41/3545/2021
RESEARCH
AFRICA
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Ethiopia: The Massacre in Axum
Between 19 and 29 November 2020, Eritrean troops operating in the Ethiopian city of Axum, Tigray, committed a series of human rights and humanitarian law violations, including killing hundreds of civilians. In this briefing, Amnesty International documents how the Eritrean military is responsible for serious violations against Tigrayan civilians in Axum. It concludes that the indiscriminate shelling of Axum by Ethiopian and Eritrean troops may amount to war crimes, and that the mass execution of Axum civilians by Eritrean troops may amount to crimes against humanity.
Date: 26 February 2021
Ref:
AFR 25/3730/2021
RESEARCH
NIGERIAJUSTICE SYSTEMS
Nigeria: Open letter to the OTP requesting immediate action on the situation in Nigeria
Northeast Nigeria has been the scene of an armed conflict characterized by egregious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law for over a decade. On 11 December 2020 the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) concluded that war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed by Boko Haram and the Nigerian military and that Nigerian authorities had failed to investigate and prosecute these crimes, therefore warranting a full investigation by the OTP into the situation in Nigeria.
Date: 13 February 2021
Ref:
AFR 44/3654/2021
RESEARCH
SOUTH SUDANARMED CONFLICT
South Sudan: Re: Extend the mandate of the UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan
In this open letter, non-governmental organisations write to urge support for the extension in full of the mandate of the UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan at the upcoming UN Human Rights Council’s 46th session (22 February-23 March 2021). As the only mechanism currently collecting and preserving evidence of violations of international humanitarian and human rights law with a view to accountability and addressing human rights and transitional justice issues in South Sudan from a holistic perspective, the CHRSS remains vital.
Date: 5 February 2021Ref:AFR 65/3638/2021
NEWS
UGANDAARMED GROUPS
Uganda: ICC conviction of LRA commander provides overdue justice for victims of decades-long campaign of abuses
Following today’s International Criminal Court (ICC) conviction of Dominic Ongwen, a former commander of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) rebel group for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in northern Uganda, Seif Magango, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for East Africa, the Horn and Great Lakes, said: “We hope this decision provides a measure of redress for the 4,000 victims who participated in the case and who can now receive reparations for their suffering.
Date: 4 February 2021
NEWS
MYANMAR
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
Myanmar: UN Security Council must act urgently, hold military accountable
Ahead of the UN Security Council’s emergency closed meeting on Myanmar today, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director of Advocacy Sherine Tadros said:   “What we are witnessing in Myanmar didn’t just suddenly happen. You cannot leave perpetrators of grave crimes under international law on the loose and then act surprised when they trample human rights again. “Yesterday, an emboldened military took years of international inaction as a quiet signal that they could oust the civilian government and embark on a spree of baseless arrests without any real consequences.
Date: 2 February 2021
NEWS
CHADINTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
African Union: No Reparations for Ex-Chad President’s Victims
4 Years After Hissène Habré’s Conviction, African Union Fails to Put in Place Victims’ Fund The African Union has yet to set up a Trust Fund to compensate victims of the former Chadian president Hissène Habré, four years after his historic conviction in Senegal, a coalition of international and regional human rights organizations said today. On May 30, 2016, Habré was convicted of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and torture, including sexual violence and rape, by an African Union-backed Senegalese court and sentenced to life in prison.
Date: 26 January 2021
NEWS
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
ARMED CONFLICT
Central African Republic: Arrest and transfer of former Seleka armed group leader to the ICC, a positive step towards justice for victims
Following the Central African Republic authorities’ transfer of a former Seleka armed group leader to the International Criminal Court (ICC), Alice Banens, Amnesty International Legal advisor said: “The arrest and transfer of Mahamat Said Abdel Kani, who is accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity, is a positive step towards justice for victims of the armed conflict that raged in the country since 2012 until now.
Date: 25 January 2021
NEWS
EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA
ARMED CONFLICT
Azerbaijan/Armenia: Scores of civilians killed by indiscriminate use of weapons in conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh
Field investigators visited dozens of strike sites in Azerbaijan and Armenia Evidence refutes both sides’ denials they launched indiscriminate strikes, including with cluster munitions Other weapons used include ballistic missiles and volleys of notoriously imprecise rockets and artillery The Armenian and Azerbaijani forces’ repeated use of notoriously inaccurate and indiscriminate weapons – including cluster munitions and explosive weapons with wide area effects in populated civilian areas – violated international humanitarian law and killed scores of civilians, injured hundreds and destroyed homes and key infrastructure in the recent conflict, Amnesty International said today.
Date: 14 January 2021
RESEARCH
ARMENIAARMED CONFLICT
In the line of fire: civilian casualties from unlawful strikes in the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh
Both Armenian and Azerbaijani military forces carried out disproportionate and indiscriminate attacks— prohibited under international humanitarian law—during a 44-day conflict in September to November 2020 over control of the Nagorno-Karabakh region and surrounding territories. The two sides used notoriously inaccurate and indiscriminate weapons in populated civilian areas, including internationally banned cluster munitions, unlawfully killing scores of civilians and wounding hundreds more.
Date: 14 January 2021
Ref:
EUR 55/3502/2021
ARTICLE
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
ARMED CONFLICT
Central African Republic: The next president must make the fight against impunity a top priority  
On the day that Amnesty International launches a human rights Manifesto aimed at candidates running in Central African Republic’s presidential election scheduled on 27 December, Tity Agbahey, Amnesty International Central Africa Campaigner, said: “Despite the commitment of the authorities in the Central African Republic (CAR) to end impunity for crimes under international law committed over the past 18 years by all parties to the conflict, concrete steps still need to be taken.
Date: 15 December 2020
NEWS
AFRICAARMED CONFLICT
ICC: Milestone decision paves the way for full investigation into atrocities in Nigeria
The International Criminal Court (ICC) must immediately open a full investigation into atrocities committed during the conflict in Northeast Nigeria, Amnesty International said today, as a milestone decision brought its longstanding call for justice for victims one step closer. The ICC Office of the Prosecutor announced today that it was concluding a decade-long preliminary investigation into crimes against humanity and war crimes allegedly committed by Boko Haram and Nigerian security forces.
Date: 11 December 2020
NEWS
IRAQARMED CONFLICT
ICC decision on UK military in Iraq rewards obstructionism
Responding to the International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor’s decision to conclude the preliminary examination into allegations of war crimes by the UK military in Iraq, Matthew Cannock, Head of Amnesty International’s Centre for International Justice, said:  ‘The Prosecutor’s damning report found that the UK armed forces committed war crimes in Iraq in 2003, including torture and rape, and that victims had been deprived of justice by the UK authorities.
Date: 10 December 2020
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