Error 404
File Not Found
We have a new website—again!—so some old links may not work.
You’ve found one of them! Bravo.
What to do now?
Join our network
Sign up to receive expert analyses from our community on the most important global issues, rapid insights on events as they unfold, and highlights of the Council's best work.
I agree to the Atlantic Council's privacy policy.(Required)
© Atlantic Council
All rights reserved.
Privacy policy
Cookie policy
Terms and conditions of use
Intellectual independence policy
Government funding review process
Policy on donor acceptance and disclosure
Photo credits
This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary for its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy.

You accept the use of cookies as per our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy by closing or dismissing this notice, by scrolling this page, by clicking a link or button or by continuing to browse otherwise.
Politics & DiplomacyAll Politics & DiplomacyCorruptionDemocratic TransitionsElectionsG20International NormsMediaPolitical ReformRule of LawInternational OrganizationsUnited NationsSecurity & DefenseAll Security & DefenseArms ControlConflictCrisis ManagementDefense IndustryDefense PolicyDefense TechnologiesExtremismIntelligenceNational SecurityNATONon-Traditional ThreatsNuclear NonproliferationPeacekeeping and PeacebuildingSecurity PartnershipsTerrorismEconomy & BusinessAll Economy & BusinessDigital CurrenciesDigital PolicyEconomic SanctionsEurozoneFinancial RegulationFiscal and Structural ReformFuture of WorkInclusive GrowthInternational Financial InstitutionsInternational MarketsMacroeconomicsTradeEnergy & EnvironmentAll Energy & EnvironmentClimate Change & Climate ActionEnergy Markets & GovernanceEnergy TransitionsGeopolitics & Energy SecurityNuclear EnergyOil & GasRenewables & Advanced EnergyResilience & SocietyAll Resilience & SocietyCivil SocietyCoronavirusEducationHuman RightsMigrationNationalismPopulismResilienceWomenYouthTechnology & InnovationAll Technology & InnovationCybersecurityDisinformationDronesEntrepreneurshipInternetInternet of ThingsSpaceAfricaAll AfricaAngolaDemocratic Republic of the CongoEast AfricaEritreaEthiopiaGeneral AfricaMoroccoNigeriaNorth & West AfricaSahelSouth & Central AfricaSouth AfricaSudanSomaliaAmericasAll AmericasUnited States and CanadaLatin AmericaBrazilCaribbeanColombiaCubaMexicoNorthern TriangleVenezuelaEurope & EurasiaAll Europe & EurasiaEuropean UnionThe BalkansBelarusThe CaucasusFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryItalyMoldovaPolandRussiaTurkeyUkraineUnited KingdomIndo-PacificAll Indo-PacificAfghanistanAustraliaBangladeshChinaIndiaJapanKoreaPakistanTaiwanMiddle EastAll Middle EastIranIraqIsraelLebanonSyriaThe GulfSaudi ArabiaYemenNorth AfricaLibyaIssue briefs and reportsIssue briefs and reportsOur programs and centers deliver in-depth, highly relevant issue briefs and reports that break new ground, shift opinions, and set agendas on public policy, with a focus on advancing debates by integrating foundational research and analysis with concrete policy solutions.Fast ThinkingFast ThinkingWhen major global news breaks, the Atlantic Council’s experts have you covered—delivering their sharpest rapid insight and forward-looking analysis direct to your inbox.New AtlanticistNew AtlanticistNew Atlanticist is where top experts and policymakers at the Atlantic Council and beyond offer exclusive insight on the most pressing global challenges—and the United States’ role in addressing them alongside its allies and partners.Inflection PointsInflection PointsA weekly column by Atlantic Council President and CEO Frederick Kempe, Inflection Points focuses on the global challenges facing the United States and how to best address them.UkraineAlertUkraineAlertUkraineAlert is a comprehensive online publication that provides regular news and analysis on developments in Ukraine’s politics, economy, civil society, and culture. UkraineAlert sources analysis and commentary from a wide-array of thought-leaders, politicians, experts, and activists from Ukraine and the global community.MENASourceMENASourceMENASource offers the latest news from across the Middle East, combined with commentary by contributors, interviews with emerging players, multi-media content, and independent analysis from fellows and staff.IranSourceIranSourceIranSource provides a holistic look at Iran’s internal dynamics, global and regional policies, and posture through unique analysis of current events and long-term, strategic issues related to Iran.AfricaSourceEconoGraphicsEnergySourceGeoTech CuesSouthAsiaSourceTurkeySourceUpcoming eventsAC Front PageGalas and flagship eventsFind an expertRequest a media interviewAbout the Atlantic CouncilLeadership & GovernanceVisit or contact usFor mediaSubscribe by emailDonateFind job opportunitiesProgramsScowcroft Center for Strategy and SecurityAdrienne Arsht – Rockefeller Foundation Resilience CenterAdrienne Arsht Latin America CenterRafik Hariri Center & Middle East programsAfrica CenterDigital Forensic Research LabEurasia CenterEurope CenterGeoEconomics CenterGeoTech CenterGlobal Energy CenterMillennium Leadership ProgramSouth Asia CenterAtlantic Council in TurkeyPolitics & DiplomacySecurity & DefenseEconomy & BusinessEnergy & EnvironmentResilience & SocietyTechnology & InnovationAfricaAmericasEurope & EurasiaIndo-PacificMiddle EastIssue briefs and reportsFast ThinkingNew AtlanticistInflection PointsUkraineAlertMENASourceIranSourceUpcoming eventsAC Front PageGalas and flagship eventsFind an expertRequest a media interviewAbout the Atlantic CouncilLeadership & GovernanceVisit or contact usFor mediaSubscribe by emailDonateFind job opportunitiesPrograms