China has accused the G7 of "political manipulation" after it criticised Beijing over a range of issues.
In a joint statement at the end of a three-day summit, leaders of the G7 countries urged China to "respect human rights and fundamental freedoms".
Issues highlighted included abuses against the Uyghur Muslim minority group and the crackdown on Hong Kong pro-democracy activists.
China's embassy in the UK accused the G7 of "baseless accusations".
"Stop slandering China, stop interfering in China's internal affairs, and stop harming China's interests," a spokesman said on Monday.
The statement by the G7 - the world's seven largest so-called advanced economies - included pledges on a number of issues, such as ending the coronavirus pandemic and steps to tackle climate change, as well as references to China.