EISA Egypt Fact file
African Democracy Encyclopaedia Project
Egypt: Fact file
Updated January 2013
NameArab Republic of Egypt
Area1 001 450 sq km , 96% desert (mongbay.com 2010)
Major citiesCairo (capital), Alexandria, Giza, Shubra al Khaymah, Al Mahallah al Kubra, Tanta, Port Said, Al Mansurah (mongbay.com 2010)
BoundariesMediterranean (North), Libya (West), Sudan (South), Red Sea (East), Israel (North East)
Population81.121 million, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2011a)
Pop growth1.67%, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011b)
Urbanisation43.4%, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancyFemale 75.5 yrs, male 71.6 yrs; 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011c, 2011d)
Infant mortality22/1000, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011e)
HIV/AIDS prevalenceLess than 0.1%, 15-49 yr 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012a)
Adult literacy rate66%; 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012b)
Military expenditure2.7% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2012c)
Health expenditure6.3% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2010)
Legal systemCombination of Islamic (Shariah) law and Napoleonic Code (Wahab 2012)
Independence22 February 1922, United Kingdom
GDPUS$229.53 billion, 2011 est (UN Statistics Division 2012d)
GDP per capitaUS$2,654, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012e)
GDP growth rate1.8%, 2011 est (UN Statistics Division 2012f)
Main exportsOil, agricultural products, chemicals, metals and products, cotton, textiles and cloth (Trading Economics 2012)
Currency1 Egyptian pound = 100 piastre or qirsh
Unemployment8.7%, 2009 (UN Statistics Division undated)
Inflation rate11.2%, 2011 (UN Statistics Division 2012g)
External debt ratio14.8% of GDP, 2011 (IMF 2012, 110)
InfrastructureRailway 4800 km (950 km double-tracked), mainly standard gauge; road over 49 000 km (15 000 paved, 2500 gravel, 31 500 earth; waterways 3500 km (mainly Nile River); international airports Cairo, Alexandria, 64 other airfields (mongbay.com 2010)
Ethnic groupsEgyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (mongbay.com 2010)
LanguagesOfficial: Arabic (mongbay.com 2010)
ReligionMuslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1% (mongbay.com 2010)
References
IMF 2012 Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia, November, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2012/mcd/eng/pdf/mreo1112.pdf​, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
MONGBAY.COM 2010 "Egypt", [www] http://www.mongabay.com/history/egypt/egypt-introduction.html and pages following [opens new window] (accessed 4 January 2012).
TRADING ECONOMICS 2012 "Egypt Exports", [www] http://www.tradingeconomics.com/egypt/exports [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010 "Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product" IN UNdata, 9 Nov, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=burundi+health+expenditure+&d=WHO&f=MEASURE_CODE%3aWHS7_143%3bCOUNTRY_ISO_CODE%3abUR [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012a "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, 9 April [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=HIV%2fAIDS+prevalence&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a73 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012b "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, 9 April, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012c "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012d "GDP" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.CD [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012e "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, 16 Jan [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012f "GDP growth" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012g "Inflation, GDP deflator" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Inflation&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Egypt", [www] http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Egypt [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).
WAHAB, MSEA 2012 "An Overview of the Egyptian Legal System and Legal Research", IN Globalex, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/Globalex/Egypt1.htm [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

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