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A Superpower, Like It or Not
Why Americans Must Accept Their Global Role
By
Robert Kagan

March/April 2021
David Plunkert
All great powers have a deeply ingrained self-perception shaped by historical experience, geography, culture, beliefs, and myths. Many Chinese today yearn to recover the greatness of a time when they ruled unchallenged at the pinnacle of their civilization, before “the century of humiliation.” Russians are nostalgic for Soviet days, when they were the other superpower and ruled from Poland to Vladivostok. Henry Kissinger once observed that Iranian leaders had to choose whether they wanted to be “a nation or a cause,” but great powers and aspiring great powers often see themselves as both. Their self-perception shapes their definition of the national interest, of what constitutes genuine security and the actions and resources necessary to achieve it. Often, it is these self-perceptions that drive nations, empires, and city-states forward. And sometimes to their ruin. Much of the drama of the past century resulted from great powers whose aspirations exceeded their capacity. 
Americans have the opposite problem. Their capacity for global power exceeds their perception of their proper place and role in the world. Even as they have met the challenges of Nazism and Japanese imperialism, Soviet communism, and radical Islamist terrorism, they have never regarded this global activism as normal. Even
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ROBERT KAGAN is Stephen and Barbara Friedman Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution and the author of The Jungle Grows Back: America and Our Imperiled World.
MORE BY ROBERT KAGAN
More:United States Politics & Society Foreign Policy U.S. Foreign Policy Biden AdministrationTrump Administration
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Decline and Fall March/April 2021 01 Present at the Re-creation? 02 Gone But Not Forgotten 03 A Superpower, Like It or Not 04 The Fractured Power 05 Foreign Policy for Pragmatists