Accessibility Guide for
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About this guide
This guide will help you use your assistive technology screen readers, screen magnifiers, and speech recognition software to access the content and features on
General Information
Accessible IRS Materials
You can find accessible forms and publications in the following formats:
You can also find American Sign Language (ASL) YouTube videos on many tax topics. For more information, see IRS Tax Help for People with Disabilities.
Change Font Size
For easier readability you can change the font size in many web browsers.
Plug-Ins and File Viewers
Some content on the requires additional file viewers or applets. We have listed a few below for your convenience. These links are to non-government sources. IRS does not endorse any of these products. If you have questions about a particular plug-in or file viewer, ask the respective vendor.
Specific Assistive Technologies Guidance
Desktop screen readers
Guidance for using JAWS or macOS VoiceOver or screen readers. For other screen readers, please refer to the manufacturers guide for basic commands.
JAWS Actions and Commands
JAWS Action(s)Commands
Virtual HTML FeaturesINSERT + F3
List FramesINSERT + F9
List LinksINSERT + F7
Next LinkTAB
Prior LinkSHIFT + TAB
Activate Button or LinkENTER KEY
List ButtonsINSERT + CTRL + B
List Edit BoxesINSERT + CTRL + E
List Radio ButtonsINSERT + CTRL + A
List Check BoxesINSERT + CTRL + X
Move to start of documentCTRL + HOME
Move to end of documentCTRL + END
JAWS Form Actions and Commands
JAWS Form Action(s)Commands
List HeadingsINSERT + F6
List of Form FieldsINSERT + F5
Next HeadingH
Previous HeadingSHIFT + H
JAWS Table Actions and Commands
JAWS Table Action(s)Commands
List TablesINSERT + CTRL + T
Read from Beginning of Row to Current CellINSERT + SHIFT + HOME
Read from Current Cell to End of RowINSERT + SHIFT + PAGE UP
Read current rowSHIFT + UP ARROW
Read current columnSHIFT + NUMPAD 5
JAWS Reading Actions and Commands
JAWS Reading Action(s)Commands
Read continuously from current positionINSERT + DOWN ARROW
Stop readingCTRL
Read Current SentenceALT + NUMPAD 5
Next SentenceALT + DOWN ARROW
Previous SentenceALT + UP ARROW
JAWS Additional Guidance
When the header panel (Example File, Pay…) is open use the down arrow to navigate the submenu.
JAWS command CTRL + Home returns you to the top of the page after activating the "Skip to Main Content" link.
macOS VoiceOver
macOS VoiceOver Actions and Commands
macOS VoiceOver Action(s)Commands
HomeVO + H
Select Next/Previous ItemVO + Left or Right Arrow
Activate ItemVO + Spacebar
Find the next headingVO + Command + H
Find the previous headingVO + Command + Shift + H
Find the next controlVO + Command + J
Find the previous controlSHIFT + TAB
Find the next TableVO + Command + T
Find the previous TableVO + Command + Shift + T
Find the next LinkVO + Command + L
Find the previous LinkVO + Command + Shift + L
Find the next ParagraphVO + Shift + Page Down
Find the previous ParagraphVO + Shift + Page Up
Read the next lineVO + Down Arrow
Read the previous lineVO + Up Arrow
Read all from current positionVO + A
Read all from TopVO + B
Mobile Screen Readers
Android TalkBack (TB) for Android 4.1 or higher
Android TalkBack (TB) Actions and Commands for Android 4.1 or higher
Android TalkBack Navigation Action(s)Commands
Move to next itemALT + SHIFT+ RIGHT ARROW
Move to previous ItemALT + SHIFT+ LEFT ARROW
Move to first itemALT + SHIFT+ UP ARROW
Move to last itemALT + SHIFT+ DOWN ARROW
Click focused elementALT + SHIFT+ ENTER
Android Talkback Global Actions and Commands
Android TalkBack Global Action(s)Commands
Recent AppsALT + SHIFT+ R
NotificationsALT + SHIFT+ N
Search the screenALT + SHIFT+ /(FORWARD SLASH)
Next navigation settingALT + SHIFT+ EQUALS (=)
Previous navigation settingALT + SHIFT+ MINUS (-)
Open global context menuALT + SHIFT+ G
Open local context menuALT + SHIFT+ L
Pause or Resume TalkbackALT + SHIFT+ Z
Stop Talkback SpeechCRTL
Talkback Additional Guidance
Talkback will read the "Continue" button on pages and will only announce "Double tap to activate" when user selects the radio buttons for the options available.
Talkback reads consecutive numerical digits as a single number and each digit individually in the Control number field. For example, the following Control number "12345678910234" would be read as: "Twelve trillion, thirty-four billion, etc."
iOS VoiceOver
iOS VoiceOver Actions and Commands
iOS VoiceOver Action(s)Gesture Commands
To go HomeSlide one finger up from the bottom edge until you feel vibration
Switch between applicationsSlide up farther from the bottom until you feel a second vibration
To use Control CenterSlide one finger down from the top edge until you feel vibration
To use Notification CenterSlide down farther from the top edge until you feel vibration
Scroll PageSwipe three fingers to scroll
Select Next/Previous ItemSwipe Right or Left
Select itemTap once
Activate selected itemDouble tap
iOS VoiceOver (Versions 12/13) Additional Guidance
Desktop Screen Magnifiers
Actions and Commands for using ZoomText
ZoomText Action(s)Commands
ZoomText Command KeysCaps Lock + Ctrl +U; or Help and Learning
Turn speech on or offCaps Lock + Alt + enter
Increase magnificationCaps Lock + arrow up
Decrease magnificationCaps Lock + arrow down
Turn color enhancements on and offCaps Lock + C
Zoomtext Additional Guidance
Speech Recognition Software
Dragon Naturally Speaking (DNS)
Use Dragon Naturally Speaking version 14 for Windows or version 6 for macOS for best results
Dragon Naturally Speaking Actions and Commands
Keyboard Action(s)Commands
Turn the microphone on or offPlus key (+) on the numeric keypad
Open the Correction menuMinus key (-) on the numeric keypad
Force words to be recognized as commandsPress and hold down the CTRL key
Force words to be recognized as dictationPress and hold down the SHIFT key
Open the Naturally Speaking menuAsterisk key (*) on the numeric keypad
Put the microphone to sleep or wake it upSlash key (/) on the numeric keypad
Press-to-talkZero key (0) on the numeric keypad
Dragon Naturally Speaking Speech Actions and Commands
Speech Action(s)Commands
Turn the microphone on or offSay "Wake up" or "Go to Sleep"
Show navigation commandsSay "What can I say"
List all linksSay "Click Link"
List (radio) buttonsSay "Click (radio) button"
List checkboxesSay "Click checkbox"
List edit boxes/text fieldSay "Click edit box" or "Click text field"
Top of PageSay "Move page up"
Bottom of PageSay "Move page down"
Move mouse up/downSay "Move mouse up" or "Move mouse down"
Move mouse left/rightSay "Move mouse left" or "Move mouse right"
Use Mouse Grid to move/select specific itemsSay "MouseGrid"
Dragon Naturally Speaking Additional Guidance
To expand the header panel (Example File, Pay…) use Dragon commands to navigate the page. Use the following commands:
Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 01-Aug-2022
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