For easier readability you can change the font size in many web browsers.
Increase font: Hold down the Ctrl key (Command key on a Macintosh) and press the + (plus) key
Decrease font: Hold down the Ctrl key (Command key on a Macintosh) and press the - (minus) key
Plug-Ins and File Viewers
Some content on the IRS.gov requires additional file viewers or applets. We have listed a few below for your convenience. These links are to non-government sources. IRS does not endorse any of these products. If you have questions about a particular plug-in or file viewer, ask the respective vendor.
Microsoft Office Documents (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) Microsoft offers Office viewers to enable you to open and view Office files if you don't have Office applications installed. CSV files are tabular data in text format that you can open with any text viewer or import into a spreadsheet.
7-Zip Zip (.zip) files are single files, sometimes called "archives", that contain one or more compressed files. Use 7-Zip or similar file extractor program to open and extract them.
Specific Assistive Technologies Guidance
Desktop screen readers
Guidance for using JAWS or macOS VoiceOver or screen readers. For other screen readers, please refer to the manufacturers guide for basic commands.
JAWS Actions and Commands
Virtual HTML Features
INSERT + F3
INSERT + F9
INSERT + F7
SHIFT + TAB
Activate Button or Link
INSERT + CTRL + B
List Edit Boxes
INSERT + CTRL + E
List Radio Buttons
INSERT + CTRL + A
List Check Boxes
INSERT + CTRL + X
Move to start of document
CTRL + HOME
Move to end of document
CTRL + END
JAWS Form Actions and Commands
JAWS Form Action(s)
INSERT + F6
List of Form Fields
INSERT + F5
SHIFT + H
JAWS Table Actions and Commands
JAWS Table Action(s)
INSERT + CTRL + T
Read from Beginning of Row to Current Cell
INSERT + SHIFT + HOME
Read from Current Cell to End of Row
INSERT + SHIFT + PAGE UP
Read current row
SHIFT + UP ARROW
Read current column
SHIFT + NUMPAD 5
JAWS Reading Actions and Commands
JAWS Reading Action(s)
Read continuously from current position
INSERT + DOWN ARROW
Read Current Sentence
ALT + NUMPAD 5
ALT + DOWN ARROW
ALT + UP ARROW
JAWS Additional Guidance
When the header panel (Example File, Pay…) is open use the down arrow to navigate the submenu.
JAWS command CTRL + Home returns you to the top of the page after activating the "Skip to Main Content" link.
Search using JAWS
To find the search box using JAWS, use insert + F3.
Select the "Edit Boxes List", then select Ok button.
Select "Search Edit Search" you will be directed to the edit box to do your search.
Input the desired phrase, then press enter.
When the "Search Results page displays" tab to "skip to main content Link", then press enter. This will take you to the main area where the results are displayed. Tab to find the item you are searching for.
Use Filter on the Search Results
Tab to the "More info about the … Filters button"
Tab and select the preferred filter.
Initiate a new search using JAWS
Tab to one of the search edit boxes, then type in your new search phrase, or repeat the above steps for Searching using JAWS.
macOS VoiceOver Actions and Commands
macOS VoiceOver Action(s)
VO + H
Select Next/Previous Item
VO + Left or Right Arrow
VO + Spacebar
Find the next heading
VO + Command + H
Find the previous heading
VO + Command + Shift + H
Find the next control
VO + Command + J
Find the previous control
SHIFT + TAB
Find the next Table
VO + Command + T
Find the previous Table
VO + Command + Shift + T
Find the next Link
VO + Command + L
Find the previous Link
VO + Command + Shift + L
Find the next Paragraph
VO + Shift + Page Down
Find the previous Paragraph
VO + Shift + Page Up
Read the next line
VO + Down Arrow
Read the previous line
VO + Up Arrow
Read all from current position
VO + A
Read all from Top
VO + B
Mobile Screen Readers
Android TalkBack (TB) for Android 4.1 or higher
Android TalkBack (TB) Actions and Commands for Android 4.1 or higher
Android TalkBack Navigation Action(s)
Move to next item
ALT + SHIFT+ RIGHT ARROW
Move to previous Item
ALT + SHIFT+ LEFT ARROW
Move to first item
ALT + SHIFT+ UP ARROW
Move to last item
ALT + SHIFT+ DOWN ARROW
Click focused element
ALT + SHIFT+ ENTER
Android Talkback Global Actions and Commands
Android TalkBack Global Action(s)
ALT + SHIFT+ BACKSPACE
ALT + SHIFT+ H
ALT + SHIFT+ R
ALT + SHIFT+ N
Search the screen
ALT + SHIFT+ /(FORWARD SLASH)
Next navigation setting
ALT + SHIFT+ EQUALS (=)
Previous navigation setting
ALT + SHIFT+ MINUS (-)
Open global context menu
ALT + SHIFT+ G
Open local context menu
ALT + SHIFT+ L
Pause or Resume Talkback
ALT + SHIFT+ Z
Stop Talkback Speech
Talkback Additional Guidance
Talkback will read the "Continue" button on IRS.gov pages and will only announce "Double tap to activate" when user selects the radio buttons for the options available.
Talkback reads consecutive numerical digits as a single number and each digit individually in the Control number field. For example, the following Control number "12345678910234" would be read as: "Twelve trillion, thirty-four billion, etc."
iOS VoiceOver Actions and Commands
iOS VoiceOver Action(s)
To go Home
Slide one finger up from the bottom edge until you feel vibration
Switch between applications
Slide up farther from the bottom until you feel a second vibration
To use Control Center
Slide one finger down from the top edge until you feel vibration
To use Notification Center
Slide down farther from the top edge until you feel vibration
For iOS VoiceOver there is a known issue where the count of Form Controls or Buttons will include the browser's built in controls in addition to any form controls that are present on the web page.
For example, VoiceOver may include the back button, forward button, refresh button, and other built in controls.
There are only 3 form controls or buttons at any given time on the page.
There is a known issue where VoiceOver does not announce second to last digit being deleted from an input field.
VoiceOver may announce "Form Start" at different places throughout the Identify Verification application. "Form Start" refers to portions of the webpage that accept user input, not a specific IRS tax form.
Desktop Screen Magnifiers
Actions and Commands for using ZoomText
ZoomText Command Keys
Caps Lock + Ctrl +U; or Help and Learning
Turn speech on or off
Caps Lock + Alt + enter
Caps Lock + arrow up
Caps Lock + arrow down
Turn color enhancements on and off
Caps Lock + C
Zoomtext Additional Guidance
When navigating any Search Result pages, use the tab key to navigate to "skip to main content" to minimize keystrokes then tab twice to reach the Results on the page. Tab through the results to find what you need or do another search.
Use the down arrow to expand the header panel (Example File, Pay…) then use tab to navigate through the submenu.
Speech Recognition Software
Dragon Naturally Speaking (DNS)
Use Dragon Naturally Speaking version 14 for Windows or version 6 for macOS for best results
Dragon Naturally Speaking Actions and Commands
Turn the microphone on or off
Plus key (+) on the numeric keypad
Open the Correction menu
Minus key (-) on the numeric keypad
Force words to be recognized as commands
Press and hold down the CTRL key
Force words to be recognized as dictation
Press and hold down the SHIFT key
Open the Naturally Speaking menu
Asterisk key (*) on the numeric keypad
Put the microphone to sleep or wake it up
Slash key (/) on the numeric keypad
Zero key (0) on the numeric keypad
Dragon Naturally Speaking Speech Actions and Commands
Turn the microphone on or off
Say "Wake up" or "Go to Sleep"
Show navigation commands
Say "What can I say"
List all links
Say "Click Link"
List (radio) buttons
Say "Click (radio) button"
Say "Click checkbox"
List edit boxes/text field
Say "Click edit box" or "Click text field"
Top of Page
Say "Move page up"
Bottom of Page
Say "Move page down"
Move mouse up/down
Say "Move mouse up" or "Move mouse down"
Move mouse left/right
Say "Move mouse left" or "Move mouse right"
Use Mouse Grid to move/select specific items
Dragon Naturally Speaking Additional Guidance
To expand the header panel (Example File, Pay…) use Dragon commands to navigate the page. Use the following commands:
Say "Click Link" then state the number of the Link you need to select (example the number displayed for File) state "Chose 6".
The File page will be displayed. You can state click link to select the items on the submenu of the File page (example Individuals page)
The desired submenu will be activated and Dragon Naturally Speaking users routed to the selected submenu link.