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Cookies to improve your experience have been disabled. This is because you told us you'd prefer we didn't use them or you haven't let us know yet. You can change this setting at any time.
To help improve this site we place small files, known as cookies, onto your computer. Some are essential for the site to work properly, others are to improve the experience you have.
You can stop this site using non-essential cookies by updating your settings above1.
You can also decide to stop this or any site from using any cookies. To learn more about cookies and how to manage them visit KnowCookies.com.
How we use cookies
We use cookies for several purposes on this website – we’ve listed each of them below with more details about why we use them and how long they’ll last.
Cookies to improve your experience
You can tell us to stop using these at any time by updating your settings above.
Measuring website usage (Google Analytics)
We use Google Analytics to collect information about how people use our site, and rough demographics as to what groups of people are using our site. We do this to make sure it’s meeting your needs and to understand how we could improve it. As well as controlling this above - you can opt out of Google Analytics tracking directly.
Google Analytics stores information about:
the pages you visit
how long you spend on each page
how you got to the site
what you click on while you're here 
The following cookies are set by Google Analytics:
_gaThis helps us count how many people visit the site by tracking if you've visited before2 years
_utmaLike _ga, this lets us know if you’ve visited before, so we can count how many of our visitors are new to the site or to a certain page2 years
_utmbThis works with _utmc to calculate the average length of time you spend on the site30 minutes
_utmcThis works with _utmb to calculate when you close your browserwhen you close your browser
_utmzThis tells us how you reached the site (like from another website or a search engine)6 months
_gat_UA-376728-1This is used by Google Analytics to ensure its work doesn't have a big impact on the site's performance 1 day
Providing a personalised experience
We use Adobe Target to tailor the content you see. We do this to highlight information directly relevant to your institution or sector. We also use this to recommend content based on your activity elsewhere on the site.
Adobe Target stores information about:
your behaviour on the site
basic attributes about where you're visiting from (location, sector, institution)
The following cookie is set by Adobe Target:
mboxThis helps us know what you look at on the site, and stores basic attributes about where you're visiting from2 years
Essential cookies
Website operation
The system that runs our website sets cookies to allow it to run smoothly.
has_jsThis tells the site whether you're using JavaScript or notwhen you close your browser
visitedPreviouslyrandomly generated number60 days
ssessAllow the page to provide you with content 
adaptiveLibraryDefaultStateUsed to remember your display preferences  
jisc_eprivacyUsed to remember your privacy preferences90 days
AWSALBUsed to make sure the website can cope with unexpected traffic2 years
AWSALBCORSUsed to make sure the website can cope with unexpected traffic2 years
Logged in access
Our system uses cookies to allow you to log into the site, and access restricted content and services.
_saml_idpAllow our identity provider to recognise yousix months after last visiting the site
_shibsession_<number>Allow the page to provide you with restricted contentwhen you close your browser
Used to improve the performance of the site for logged-in userswhen you close your browser
Other cookies
We've tried to replace all our embedded videos with cookie free versions. However, if you've seen embedded videos on our site in the past then these cookies may be on your system.
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVEThis tries to estimate your bandwidth and deliver a video of appropriate quality240 days
YSCA unique identify given to a user on a site with videoswhen you close your browser
GEUPAllows Google to track viewers across sites that use YouTube videos2 years
PREFAllows Google to track viewers across sites that use YouTube videos240 days
GPSAllows basic tracking based on location on mobile devices (where permitted)30 minutes
NB: Cookie guidance wording adapted from gov.uk, shared under the Open Government License.
Please note, if you have used the site in the past these cookies may still be on your computer - but by disabling them in your settings we will no longer access them.
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