Military coups d'état pose numerous problems, particularly for civil governments attempting to pursue radical policies. There has been too little study of possible forms of resistance to them. The article concentrates mainly on cases of civil (non-violent) resistance to coups, for example in Russia in 1917, Germany in 1920, Japan in 1936, and France and Algeria in 1961. Problems of resistance in Greece after 1967 and in Chile in 1973 are also briefly mentioned. The main conclusions are that civil resistance can in certain circumstances contribute to the undermining of miltary coups by, or in association with, a complex variety of pressures. There is a case for greater reliance on civil resistance as a means of opposing military coups.
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