JULY 1, 1870
Office of the Solicitor General Created
The Office of the Solicitor General was created by Congress in 1870, and Benjamin H. Bristow served as the first Solicitor General from 1870 to 1872. The Solicitor General represents the United States before the Supreme Court. The United States is involved in approximately two-thirds of all the cases the U.S. Supreme Court decides on the merits each year.