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employment law
401(k)
Definition
A type of savings account made possible by federal law. By creating a financial plan under 26 U.S.C. 401(k), employers can help their workers save for retirement while reducing taxable income. Workers can choose to deposit part of their...
ABC Test
Definition
A test used in some states to determine whether a person is an employee or an independent contractor for the purpose of determining state unemployment tax.
Some courts using this test look at whether a worker meets three separate...
Able to Work
Definition
Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.
Illustrative case law
See, e.g. International Union, et al. v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (...
Abusive Discharge
Definition
A fired employee's claim that the firing breached some public policy of the state. Abusive discharge claims are often brought when no claim for breach of contract or violation of a statute can be alleged. Instead of relying on an employment...
Accommodation
Administrative Law Judge (ALJ)
Definition
An independent hearing examiner who presides at an administrative hearing. An ALJ has the power to administer oaths, receive evidence, take testimony, and make initial findings of fact or law. An ALJ’s findings are subject to review...
Agriculture
Agriculture: An Overview
Agriculture includes soil preparation, seed planting, crop harvesting, gardening, horticulture, viticulture, apiculture (bee-raising), dairying, poultry, and ranching. Generally, laws grouped under the heading "agricultural law...
Alternative dispute resolution - State statutes
Alabama- Title 6, Chapter 6 Alaska Arizona- Title 12, Article 2 Arkansas- Title 16, Subtitle1- 7 California (see Title 2, Division 3, Part 1, Chapter 4.5, Article 5) Colorado- Title 13, Article 22, Part 2 Connecticut- Title 52, Chapter 909 Delaware-...
Blue flu
Blue flu is a euphemistic term referring to a bargaining tactic in which law enforcement officers call in sick en masse to circumvent prohibitions against police strikes. The District of Columbia, for example, criminalizes organized police...
Boycott
Boycott is a term that is most frequently referenced in the context of antitrust law. It is a concerted refusal to deal with a disfavored purchaser or seller. The word is both a noun and a verb and stems from Captain Charles C. Boycott’s name...
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