Jungfernhof Concentration Camp
Absences and Presences
Starting on November 30, 1941, four transports carried 3985 Reich Jews from Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Vienna, and Hamburg to the Skirotava train station, three kilometers outside of Riga, Latvia. Deceived by the promise of resettlement, Jews from these four cities were forced to purchase tickets and board trains for a ride into endless misery.
Walking 1.5 kilometers to the Jungfernhof concentration camp, during the coldest winter on record, prisoners faced an immediate barrage of cruel and inhumane treatment, including starvation and murder. Most of the inmates died or were killed in the first three months of imprisonment. The site was turned into a forced labor agricultural farm. Only 148 persons survived. The Locker of Memory project is dedicated to preserving the history of the Jungfernhof concentration camp and the memory of the survivors and of the victims, killed between 1941 and 1944. Created over a period of five months, the film combines historic video and photos with contemporary footage of the camp site.
Recording for the video began on November 30, 2021. The date signifies the 80th anniversary of deportations from Germany and Austria to the East. It is snowing. It is cold. It is now. It is then.
Generously funded by the German Embassy in Latvia
A complete listing of names, birth dates, and last addresses taken from Nazi documents listing all the deportees sent from Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Vienna and Hamburg to the Jungfernhof concentration camp can be found using the buttons to the right.
Hitler’s plan to murder Europe’s Jews began in 1941. Deportations from Nazi Germany and the territory of Austria to the Jungfernhof concentration camp represent the first deportations to Riga and were among the earliest deportations to the East. Holocaust denial is prevalent all over the world. The Locker of Memory project is committed to speaking the truth about the past.
There is no expiration date on the memory of human atrocities. Memory after genocide is a collective action, an ongoing commitment to embrace truth and justice in opposition to hate and lawlessness. The Locker of Memory project is dedicated to remembering the victims and survivors of the Jungfernhof concentration camp, a neglected killing site in Latvia, abandoned for close to eighty years.
Six interviews with Historians, Descendants and Survivors of the Jungfernhof concentration camp about “memory.” The tape was developed while Ukraine was under siege by the Soviet Union. Produced by the Locker of Memory project, dedicated to the preserving the history and memory of the Jungfernhof concentration camp where 3985 Reich Jews were deported and murdered between 1941-1944. Only 148 persons survived.
We now live in an era where science has produced new, non-invasive tools that allow us to see what is buried under the earth’s crust. Evidence is retrievable. Burying history is no longer an option. Forgetting the past is equivalent to placing a small bandage on a festering wound.
The earth is the keeper of our memories.
Memory belongs to place. We are of the land.
Photo by Gatis Grinbergs
The Locker of Memory memorial to the victims of the Jungfernhof concentration camp is an international, multimedia memorial project situated along the Daugava River at the Jungfernhof concentration camp site (also referred to as Mazjumpravmuiža). Located on the outskirts of Riga, the camp was housed at the Mazjumprava Manor, an abandoned, dilapidated farming estate situated on 500 acres of land. Roughly hewn barracks were installed in a few unheatable barns and cattle sheds to accommodate close to 4,000 prisoners. Today, the site has been converted into a public park, designated for leisure and relaxation.
Latvia is a country located on the Baltic Sea, situated between Lithuania and Estonia. Riga is Latvia’s capital city, home to 614,000 inhabitants.
To this day, the KZ Jungfernhof concentration camp in the Mazjumpravas muiža neighborhood lacks coherent boundaries or definition of place. This map helps orient visitors to the site.
Copyright © 2021 Karen Frostig
NGO “The Transnational Holocaust Memorial Project” ZVR-Zahl: 409984415
Burying the Past Is Not an Option
Conceptual artist Karen Frostig is spearheading a memorial project in Latvia, where her grandparents were among thousands of Jews murdered by the Nazis.