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Abstract The post-Arab Spring period witnessed the outbreak of devastating civil wars in Syria, Libya and Yemen. These wars had many disastrous impacts on these countries, which threatened their… Expand
Abstract The Arab world has witnessed two interrelated phenomena after the Arab Spring. The first is the aggravation of the crisis of the nation-state, where many states experienced failure and… Expand
The Islamic State (IS) is one of the most prominent transnational terrorist jihadist organizations. In 2013 and 2014, IS was able to control large swaths of Syria and Iraq, roughly the size of… Expand
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