This article presents an introductory incursion into the field of marginalia — otherwise known as paratext or annotations — in the West African Arabic manuscript tradition. Marginalia, often under… Expand
Abstract This article explores archival practices and ownership of the largely Arabic manuscript collections at the Djenné Manuscript Library. From 2009 to 2017 grants from the British Library’s… Expand
Among most historians of Africa, and others in the humanities concerned with Africa, it has been almost axiomatic that writing and reading arrived in Africa and spread with the coming of European… Expand
Abstract Timbuktu has recently become an ‘iconic’ symbol of the pre-colonial written tradition in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, scholars have often only focused their research on the content of the… Expand
restricted to women. Many men have faced and continue to face at least equally strict norms of dress as most women do. They are frequently obliged to wear the typical white thawb, a caftan-like… Expand
Foreword - Houari Touati Chapter One: The Historic Geography of the Trans-Saharan Book Trade - Eric Ross Chapter Two: A Thirst for Knowledge: Arabic Literacy, Writing Paper and Saharan Bibliophiles… Expand
This chapter discusses the development of the local endowed library, the spread of the endowed school and social changes, and the popular reading practices of reading in local endowed libraries. Expand
Readers in the sixteenth century read (that is, interpreted) texts quite differently from the way contemporary readers do; they were trained to notice different aspects of a text and to process them… Expand
It is concluded that Arabic digit processing depends specifically on the left AG rather than a ventral visual stream VNFA, and evidence for the role of the left ventral AG during the processing of digits in the absence of any explicit processing demands is provided.
This comparative genetic analysis indicates that Cameroon HCV-2 strains are derived from West African strains and that HCv-2 has undergone radically different epidemiological histories in the two regions.