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Economic research
The WTO provides analysis and data on economic and trade policy issues, with the aim of deepening understanding about trends in trade and the multilateral trading system. This page provides access to WTO research, databases, publications, webinars and information on cooperation with other organizations.
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14 JULY 2021
The WTO issued today (14 July) the 2021 edition of World Tariff Profiles, a joint publication of the…
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Search research output by keyword  
A keyword search function for research work and databases produced by the Economic Research and Statistics Division is available here.
Annual publications
World Trade Report
The WTO's flagship publication on global trade policy focuses on a different theme each year.
World Trade Statistical Review
A detailed analysis of the latest developments in world trade.
Trade Profiles
Country-by-country data on trade flows and trade policy measures.
World Tariff Profiles
Country-by-country data on the “bound” or maximum tariff rates for over 170 economies and the rates they apply in practice.
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Joint publications with other international organizations
The WTO collaborates with other international organizations to focus on specific trade issues. Some of the most recent joint publications include:
Women and Trade: The Role of Trade in Promoting Gender Equality (World Bank/WTO)
This publication aims to advance understanding of the relationship between trade and gender equality and to identify how trade can improve the lives of women.
A Practical Guide to Trade Policy Analysis (WTO/UNCTAD)
This publication provides the main tools for the analysis of trade policy, including the quantification of trade flows and trade policies.
An Advanced Guide to Trade Policy Analysis: The Structural Gravity Model (WTO/UNCTAD)
This publication outlines one of the most successful tools for analysis of trade policy, the structural gravity model.
The Role of Trade in Ending Poverty (WTO/World Bank)
This publication looks at the complex relationships between economic growth, poverty reduction and trade, and examines the challenges that poor people face in benefiting from trade opportunities.
Trade and Poverty Reduction: New Evidence of Impacts in Developing Countries (WTO/World Bank)
This publication presents eight case studies to reveal how trade can help to reduce poverty in developing countries.
Global Value Chain Development Report 2019 (WTO/IDE-JETRO/OECD/UIBE/World Bank)
This publication looks at the impact of technological developments, such as robotics and big data, on global value chains.
Investing in Skills for Inclusive Trade (WTO/ILO)
This publication reviews the linkages between trade and skills and between trade and skills development policies.
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Research papers
Working papers
Working papers represent research in progress. They reflect the opinions of the authors and are the product of professional research. They do not necessarily represent the views of the WTO or its members. They are circulated for discussion and comment as critical review is an important aspect of WTO research.
Special studies
The special studies make use of economic research to discuss issues of relevance to the WTO and multilateral trade.
WTO discussion papers
The WTO discussion papers are prepared by WTO staff and contributors from other intergovernmental organizations to stimulate discussion on specific issues relating to the multilateral trading system. The opinions expressed are those of the authors.
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Research data and tools
The Economic Research and Statistics Division has created various tools and analytical databases that can be accessed or downloaded free of charge.
Structural gravity
The gravity model is one of the most successful frameworks in economics. Hundreds of papers have used the gravity model to study and quantify the effects of various factors on international trade.
Advanced Guide to Trade Policy Analysis: The Structural Gravity Model
Access to structural gravity database
WTO Data Portal
The portal provides access to a wide range of data on international trade, tariffs, non-tariff measures, trade in value added terms and other indicators. This includes data on trade in commercial services broken down by sector and country.
Tariff Data
The Tariff Download Facility contains comprehensive information on WTO members' applied and bound tariffs, mainly for downloading. The data are available for up to six digits of the Harmonized System codes. Tariff Analysis Online shows tariffs on products defined at the highest level of detail (i.e. eight or more digits of the Harmonized System codes). It allows users to compile reports and download data, including on tariffs, tariff quotas, imports and countries' commitments on agricultural subsidies.
I-TIP Database
I-TIP Goods provides information on WTO members' tariff and non-tariff measures affecting trade in goods. I-TIP Services provides information on WTO members'commitments under the General Agreement on Trade in Services, services commitments in regional trade agreements, measures applied by members, and services statistics.
Global value chain (GVC) statistics
The Trade in Value Added (TiVA) database  provides data on the value-added components of gross exports and the level of GVC participation broken down by economy and industry. The UIBE GVC Indicator Database provides access to the most widely used trade in value added and GVC indicators. The time series are computed from input-output tables released by the Asian Development Bank, the Global Trade Analysis Project, OECD, the World Input-Output Database and other global initiatives.
WTO Trade Cost Index
The Trade Cost Index has been produced by ERSD to complement other statistics the WTO provides on trade costs, such as average tariffs or the number of non-tariff measures. The aim is to give a sense of the degree of restrictiveness of some of these measures, to measure how trade policy barriers compare to other trade costs, and to indicate who bears these costs.
Trade maps
Trade maps display information on trade per capita, trade to GDP ratio, and WTO members' share in world merchandise or services trade.
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Trade Dialogues webinars and lectures
The WTO regularly invites leading experts to share their insights on various trade and economic issues. The webinars and lectures are part of the WTO's Trade Dialogues initiative.
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Digital technologies and trade

WTO trade forecast 2021-2022(31/03/2021)
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WTO trade barometers
The barometers provide “real time” information on the trajectory of world trade. The Goods Trade Barometer and the Services Trade Barometer are intended to complement conventional trade statistics and forecasts.
Trade forecasts
The WTO's annual trade forecasts and updates can be found here.
Events, workshops and training
8 June 2021
Data Governance and International Trade
29 April 2021
The Role of International Cooperation in Economic Resilience
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Recent publications on economic research and analysis
World Tariff Profiles 2021
World Trade Report 2020: Government policies to promote innovation in the digital age
Blockchain and DLT in Trade: Where Do We Stand?
Women and Trade: The role of trade in promoting gender equality
Trade Profiles 2020
More publications on economic research and analysis
Geneva Trade and Development Workshops
A forum for discussion between academics and researchers working in the area of trade and development. Anyone wishing to present a paper in the workshop should submit it by email to the selection panel:
WTO Chairs Programme
The programme aims to help academic institutions in developing and least-developed economies develop courses on trade policy and disseminate research on trade issues.
WTO Essay Award for Young Economists
The award promotes high-quality economic research on trade issues. It carries a prize of CHF 5,000.
Support Programme for Doctoral Studies
The programme allows PhD researchers from developing countries to use a three to six month residency at the WTO to advance the completion of their doctoral thesis.
About WTO
The World Trade Organization (WTO) deals with the global rules of trade between nations. Its main function is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably and freely as possible. More 
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